Heel spur and Plantar Fasciitis
The plantar fascia is the flat band of tissue (ligament) that connects your heel bone to your toes. It supports the arch of your foot. If you strain your plantar fascia, it gets weak, swollen, and irritated (inflamed). Then your heel or the bottom of your foot hurts when you stand or walk.
Heel spur is technically a “medial subcalcaneal exostosis at the inner tubercle of the os calcis” This means a protuberance of the heel bone where it attaches to the plantar fascia.
Most people with plantar fasciitis have pain when they take their first steps after they get out of bed or sit for a long time. You may have less stiffness and pain after you take a few steps. But your foot may hurt more as the day goes on. It may hurt the most when you climb stairs or after you stand for a long time.
Plantar fasciitis is common in middle-aged people. It also occurs in younger people who are on their feet a lot, like athletes or soldiers. It can happen in one foot or both feet.
Plantar fasciitis is caused by straining the ligament that supports your arch. Repeated strain can cause tiny tears in the ligament. These can lead to pain and swelling. This is more likely to happen if:
If this finding is present with pain overlying the area of the spur, the patient is said to have “heel spur syndrome”. Since the plantar fascia connects to the heel spur, it is clear why “plantar fasciitis” and “heel spur” are often used interchangeably.
Those who spend a great deal of their time on their feet are likely to develop these conditions. Being overweight can aggravate the condition. Overstress walking, running, or jumping, especially on hard surfaces, and activities such as aerobics, stair climbing, hiking, volleyball, basketball and tennis, often lead to plantar fasciitis. A heel spur is present
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